Self-driving dump trucks could speed up roadworks

The vehicle is being tested off the A14 in Cambridgeshire.

Highways England is trialling a self-driving 25-tonne dumper truck in Cambridgeshire in a bid to try and speed up UK roadworks projects.

The vehicle, which can carry a 40-tonne load, has been fitted with gadgets originally developed for autonomous trucks in Australian mines, including a laser light unit to spot objects in its way.

The trial is taking place off the A14 in Cambridgeshire, where work is underway to upgrade a 21-mile stretch of the road between Cambridge and Huntingdon.

Self-driving trucks could work around the clock

It is hoped that autonomous trucks could be developed to operate round the clock, meaning work is finished faster.

Dumper trucks are in constant use to move excavated earth from such sites. For example, around 10 million cubic metres will be moved by 200 dumper trucks during the A14 project.

Julian Lamb, deputy project director on behalf of Highways England for the A14 upgrade, said that a shortage of drivers prompted the trial.

“It’s not to replace drivers but it’s to be able to respond to the capacity that we will need,” he said.

He added that there was “no reason why autonomous vehicles couldn’t work 24 hours per day” and that the technology could make sites safer for workers by keeping people away from machines.

Self-driving truck roof sensors

The roof of the self-driving truck is fitted with a GPS tracker, wifi receiver and laser light unit.

When switched to autonomous mode it is controlled by computers, with the steering wheel motionless as it rounds corners.

Fiona McDonald, project manager with Highways England, said she hoped the self-driving technology could be “fast-tracked” into use as safety regulations have been developed in Australia where similar trucks are in use in mines.

“We’re not starting from scratch,” she said. “This stuff’s been done before.”

However, she said it would be the first time autonomous trucks have been used in roadworks anywhere in the world.

Safety systems with a heirachy of controls

Richard Austin, who works for earth moving subcontractor CA Blackwell, is from Australia and suggested using the technology for roadworks projects.

He said the price of sensors has reduced due to investment by the automotive industry into self-driving cars, and some Australian mines are fully automated.

There would be a “hierarchy of controls” to ensure safety, he said. This includes precision mapping to within 25mm so a truck “just cannot wander off” and strictly controlled sites.

“Lastly, if everything else fails, if somebody’s ignored all of your controls and come into your work zone, if everything else has failed, then the truck itself can still see, it can observe what’s going on around it, detect an obstacle that shouldn’t be there and it can stop,” he said.

The one truck being tested has been fitted with old research gadgets developed seven years ago.

It is expected to take two to three years before autonomous trucks could be in full operation.

This means they will not be used on the A14 project, due to finish by the end of 2020. However, the trial may lead to self-driving vehicles working on future projects like the Lower Thames Crossing and improvements to the A303 near Stonehenge.

Highways England has committed £150,000 from its innovation designated fund into the A14 self-driving dump truck trial.

Stuart Masson
Stuart Masson
Stuart is the Editorial Director of our suite of sites, The Car Expert, The Van Expert and The Truck Expert. Originally from Australia, Stuart has had a passion for cars and the automotive industry for over thirty years. He spent a decade in automotive retail, and now works tirelessly to help buyers by providing independent and impartial advice.

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